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A psychosis is a serious mental illness. Whether you are diagnosed with a psychosis or not it is central in legislation concerning constraint in psychiatric wards.

What is a psychosis?

If you suffer from a psychosis, you have periodical or persistent problems with distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary. It can be difficult for other people to understand you, and you wholly or partly withdraw yourself into an inner mental world.


Typical symptoms are hallucinations, e.g. hearing voices, and delusions, e.g. feeling persecuted, watched, or influenced from without.
Being psychotic and having a psychosis is two different things. If you are psychotic, your reality testing is impaired because of the illness or because of a toxic poisoning in the brain.

If you have a psychosis, you will most likely have a mental illness, such as:

  • Dementia of a moderate to a severe extent
  • Delirium
  • Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid psychosis
  • Acute temporary psychosis
  • Mania
  • Depression of a moderate to a severe extent

Psychoses can be temporary or chronic and you can function normally in between the psychotic outbreaks.


Often anti-psychotic medicine will help against the psychosis. However, the medicine does not work on everybody. Psychotherapy or antidepressants can have a preventive effect, but there is a risk of relapse.

Find more information here:

The Net Psychiatrist (in Danish)

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